18-19 November 2015, Kavli Royal Society Centre, Chicheley Hall (UK)
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'Near-field terahertz spectroscopy: studying terahertz resonators on a micro-scale'
by I. Khromova
Terahertz radiation allows for non-destructive detection of objects and processes ’invisible’ at optical and microwave frequencies. Modern terahertz science promises break-through security, medical, and quality control techniques, as well as access to crucial astronomical observation and environmental monitoring. However, the emerging terahertz technology is held back by the scarcity of functional materials and devices required for manipulation of terahertz radiation.
This talk demonstrates opportunities and advantages of the near-field terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for direct studies of terahertz electromagnetic resonances occurring on a micrometre scale. As examples of micro-resonators, it considers conductive micro-fibres and dielectric micro-spheres. Micro-resonators are at the heart of numerous promising terahertz solutions, including the metamaterial approach – creating functional materials from artificial pre-designed resonant micrometre-sized ‘meta-atoms’. Experimental studies of micrometre-scale terahertz resonances are essential, yet inaccessible to common far-field spectroscopic techniques due to extreme sensitivity requirements.
This non-contact technique maps the field patterns of terahertz resonant modes excited in individual conductive or insulating micro-objects, and gives access to essential parameters of micro-resonators, including their resonance frequency, local field enhancement and quality factors. Depending on the underlying physics of observed terahertz resonances, it allows for material and structural characterisation of micro-objects.
This work uses the examples of carbon micro-fibres and titanium dioxide micro-spheres to show the advantages of near-field terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for non-contact terahertz conductivity probing and anisotropic material characterisation; and direct observation of versatile resonant modes, including surface-plasmon resonances in conductive dipoles, and magnetic dipole resonances in dielectric subwavelength terahertz resonators.